Choorna Pinda Sweda is one among the various Ooshma Sweda. It is done with the boluses of various choornnas like medika, sarshapa, sathapushpa, jataamaansi, athasi etc. It can be done either as Snigddha or as rooksha according to the ailment condition. In Snigddha Pinda Sweda , oil is to br applied over the body and the bolus potali is warmed using oil. The bolus potail can be warmed using the steam from boiling Drava dravya Dhaanyaamla in specific conditions.
The probability of exacerbation of disease is minimal in cases managed with proper elimination of Shodhana therapy. Hence Aacharya Charaka elucidates the superiority of sodhana chikitsa over the other treatment methods. These treatment procedures are not only advised in dieses, but they can be performed prophylactically in specific season in healthy individuals also.
This called is commonly known as ‘Pathra potali Sweda’. The word ‘Pathra potalin’is derived from two words,pathra means leaves and potali means bolus or bundle. Pathra potali sweda refers to the sudation performed using specially prepared bolus/bundle of leaves. It is a form of Ooshma sweda.
Shaashtika panda sweda is performed in Ekaanga or Sarvaanga with the bolus of bolied shaashtika rice with Balaamoola kwaatha and ksheera. Shaashtika is snigddha, guru,sheetha and thridoshaghna. Though a sweda karma, it has bruhmana guna.
Thakra dhara is a variety of shrodhara,in which medicated buttermilk is poured in a continuous stream over the forehead, in a specified manner. It is useful in insomnia, mental diseases, chronic headache, diabetes, arthritis and skin diseases of the head such as psoriasis.
This ios a variety of moorda thaila where in a cotton/gauze soaked with suitable oil is placed on the moorddha for a prescribed time. It is indicated in most of the shiro roga, especially of Vaathaja type, hair loss, greying of hair and many psychological disease and commonly practiced after shiridhara with oil.
Shirobasti is the procedure in which medicated oil is allowed to stay over the head inside a Basti-putaka for the prescribed time. It is one among the moorda thaila.It is beneficial to carry out shirobasti after proper body purification procedures.but in cases in which shodhana is not necessary,it can be carried out directly also. It is indicated in anxiety, insomnia and many other neurological and psychosomatic diseases.
Ksheera dhooma is a snigddha sweda, which has been recently developed as an important kerala speciality therapy of panchakarma. Lt is to be used generally in oorddhwaanga roga such as arddhitha, hanugraha, hanusthamba and other neuro-muscular conditions, especially of the face. Ln ksheera dhooma , balaamoola is to be bolied in milk and water and the resultant steam is directed on to the face.
This is a type of kaayaseka, which is included under drava sweda. Preparation of Dhaanyaamla has been included under Sandhaana kalpana. It is used in Vaatharoga, Aamavaatha and Shopha especially with kapha anubandha.
This is a practical modification of snigddha sweda, in which a pool of lukewarm Sneha is allowed to stay over the knee area for a prescribed period time. It can be used in jaanu shoolav caused by degenerative joint disorders, but is contraindicated in inflammatory conditions. It is used for lubricating, nourishing and strengthening the knee.
It is a type of local Snigddha sweda where a pool of warm oil is maintained at the kateepradesha for a prescribed time. The patient is made to lie in prone position and the kateepradesha is encircled into a bund using thick black gram paste for retention of the oil as a pool. It acts effectively as it is applied at the site of lesion itself, thereby lubricating, nourishing and strengthening the area. This procedure can be performed in other area like Greeva, Jaanu, Uras, etc., and is named after the site of application. It is a Shamana procedure.
This procedure is originally mentioned in keraleeya Ayurveda, for various hrudrogs. It is carried out in the form of uro-pichu also.
This is practical modiofication of snigddha sweda, in which warm sneha is maintained as a pool over the cervical region for a prescribed period of time. It can be used in cervical spondylosis and related musculoskeletal manifestations and degenerative joint diseases and is contraindicated in inflammatory conditions.
Massaging the body with medicinal powder or paste applying specific pressure, in prathiloma direction is called Udwarthana. Charaka used the word shareera parimaarjjana instead of udwarthana . According to Vaghbhhata, Udwarthana is to be regularly carried out after vyayama, as a part of dinacharya. It is indicated in athisthoulya and in kaphaanubandha Vaatha vyaadhi.
The jambeera panda sweda is performed with the bolus of jambeera fruit pieces. It is shopha, rooksha and theekshna. This is mainly applied in vaatha kapha predominant conditions and is usually indicated in frozen shoulder, plantar fasciitis and in the various traumatic conditions.
This is an independent kerala speciality therapy indicated in pattha dominant diseases affecting head.It is indicated in chronic headache,burning sensation of head, hair fall, unmaada, nethra roga, nidraanasha,etc. This is contraindicated in kevala vaatha vikaara.
Kayaaseka is a singddha sweda in which warm oil is poured all over the body or a specific part of the body for a stipulated period,in a specific manner. lt has the advantage of producing snehana and swedana , simultaneously. Pizhichi is a modified form of kaayaseka developed by kerala vaidyas and is being extensively practised. This process is being carried out as mentioned below. It is effective in various rheumatic disease,neuro muscular disorders like hemiplegia, and also in many emaciating diseases.